The Ten plagues of Egypt
The Ten Plagues of Egypt, in the story of the Bible book of Exodus, are ten disasters inflicted on Egypt by the God of Israel to compel Pharaoh to let the Israelites leave from slavery. Because Pharaoh refused to release the Israelites, God decided to punish him by sending the plagues to Egypt. The ten plagues are indicated as water to blood, frogs, lice or mosquitoes, wildlife or flies, pestilence of livestock, boils, thunderstorms of hail and fire, locusts, darkness for three days and death of the firstborn. In this lecture we try to explain some events. This is done with the literary and iconographic background of Egyptian texts and representations. Other possible scientific explanations behind each of the ten plagues will also be looked at. For example, the sudden appearance of red-hued waters in the Nile may have been caused by a bloom of red algae.