The Plagues of Egypt and the Exodus
The Ten Plagues of Egypt, in the story of the Bible book of Exodus, are ten disasters inflicted on Egypt by the God of Israel to compel Pharaoh to let the Israelites leave from slavery. The plagues are indicated as water to blood, frogs, lice or mosquitoes, wildlife or flies, pestilence of livestock, boils, thunderstorms of hail and fire, locusts, darkness for three days and death of the firstborn. In this lecture we try to explain some events. The Biblical events will be held against the textual and iconographic background of Egyptology. Physical and biological phenomena will also be discussed. Attention will go out to the different place names that are mentioned as intermediate stations in the book of Exodus. In particular, the identification of the first five place names mentioned are essential for the route taken in the sequel of the journey of the Israelites.