Baal-Zaphon is the North Syrian manifestation of the Canaanite god Baal. He deals with the control of the atmospheric phenomena such as storms, thunders, and lightening. The worship of Baa-Zaphon in Egypt goes back to the occupation of the Hyksos during the Second Intermediate Period. This is attested by a seal-stamp from Tell el-Dab’a, in the Eastern Delta. The storm god is depicted in a smiting position. He has a long beard and each foot stands on a mountain. In one hand he brandishes a spear in the other an axe. In Egypt Seth, the god of confusion, was the lord of foreign countries. He would have usurped some of the attributes of Baal-Zaphon, especially those concerning to storms. Evidence of worship in several locations testifies the ongoing cult performed to Baal-Zaphon until the Ramesside Period. Papyrus Sallier IV – dating from the reign of Merenptah – provides a list of divinities from Memphis mentioning Egyptian gods, followed by a list of West Semite divinities, where, among others, the name of Baal-Zaphon is cited. During the 19th Dynasty Baal-Zaphon was worshiped in Pi-Ramesse, the Egyptian capital in the Ramesside Period, under the form of the god Seth.
Lecture: The Cult of Baal-Zaphon during the early Ramesside Period
Date: Tuesday February 23rd, 2021
Location: House of Life, Abydos
Start: 10:00 AM
End: 12:00 AM
This lecture by Egyptologist Huub Pragt is part of the House of Life Healing Conference 2021.